Ergonomics at work and its benefits to workers’ health and well-being

Ergonomics is also known as the study of the relationship between man and his working environment. We can say that ergonomics at work offers the individual, adequate comfort and methods of accident prevention and specific pathologies for each type of activity performed. Bad posture and repetitive strain injuries, over time, cause various ills that impair and compromise the health of the worker, often making it impossible for the individual to continue performing the same function, due, for example, to a disability Motor.Ergonomic office chair and the ergonomic footrest are one of the equipment that best for theworkingenvironment.

The general conditions of work, considering the lighting, the noise level, and the temperature, are the main causes of the problems that directly affect the health of the employees of a company. In this case, ergonomics can also contribute significantly to prevent these diseases from occurring, to make the procedures for controlling and regulating sufficient working conditions more and more efficient.

Considering that the efficiency of the processes used in ergonomics is appropriate to eliminate the risks that affect the health of the worker. It can be said that the cost-benefit of the ergonomic methods used, minimizes for companies, expenses with possible indemnities, when not There are adequate working conditions, causing the employees some physical incapacity that makes it impossible to carry out their daily activities.

Occupational offers its customers all the necessary support to carry out the ergonomic analysis in the work environment. With a complete program that provides the postural adaptation of the workers to the appropriate working conditions, the satisfactory results emerge and, consequently, generate a greater productive efficiency.

The ergonomic program offered by Ocupacional is designed according to the unique characteristics of each company, with training to train employees more safely and efficiently to perform their job functions. The program provides companies with: ergonomic analysis of the work, ergonomic report, lectures and training, work gymnastics, ergonomic committee, among others.

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Different Career Paths in the Health and Social Care Industry

Health and social care relates to services which involves helping and assisting those who need extra care and support due to disability, old age, illness and poverty. Local authorities and private organisations with an aim to help them lead a normal life and keep their independence and dignity provide these services.

There are a range of vocational and academic courses like GNVQ, A-Level and S/NVQ, which can be pursued to qualify as a care provider. Subjects involved in health and social care studies are sociology, biology, law, ethics and nutrition that cover every aspect of issues that carers deal with. Those who pursue this line of study get hands on experience through work placements alongside their studies in nurseries; care homes, hospitals and other related establishments.

Various jobs in the health and social care industry are categorised into:

Care Assistant Jobs – Varies according to the nature of the job and is further classified into-

Personal Care Assistant or PCA – Assist people with disability and illness in their day-to-day activities within or outside their homes.

Emergency Care Assistant or ECA – Assist qualified paramedics and medical technicians in accidents and emergency’s. Responds to emergency calls and usually the first responder who observes patients vital signs and take necessary information at the scene.

Ambulance Care Assistant or ACA – Assist in transporting patients to and from the hospital and also admits, transfers and discharges patients. Helps patients to get to their appointments and make sure that they are settled after transporting them back home. Maintaining constant contact with control room when out and about and updating the team with any changes. Responsible for routine check-up and maintenance of allotted hospital vehicle.

Care Home Jobs – Duties involve coordinating care and resources, house cleaning, maintaining personal hygiene, making meals and health improvement activities and exercises.

Community Care Jobs – Provide aid and access to patients based on their personal care plan. Assist in personal hygiene, toilet functions, prescriptions, diet monitoring, attending medical appointments, walking, and exercising, shopping, pension collection, reading, writing and providing companionship.

Nursing Jobs – This role involves a range of duties and a broad scope of responsibility. The job involves working closely with the health care team and administering the prescribed treatment, medication and care given by physicians. Since the role involves close contact and interaction with patients, nurses are expected to have a calming personality and the ability to aid in the recovery process.

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Communication Skills in Health and Social Care Settings.

The act of effective interaction between individuals can be obtained by spoken words or by other means. For communication to occur there has to be at least two people involved. The ability to communicate effectively and efficiently is one of the most important skills that can be gained by a healthcare professional.

What is Communication?

In a simple definition, communication is the process of sending or receiving messages between two or more individuals.

Effective communication is more than just talking, and is essential for the well-being of the individuals you care for.It includes body language, gestures, facial expressions, positioning and appearance.It is important to be aware of non-verbal communication when interacting with your individuals at work.

It is impossible to do without communication in health and social care, we have many reasons to communicate and it is essential communication is done effectively without misunderstanding others or being misunderstood. We communicate with:

Patients, residents, clients
Health care professionals
Managers and supervisors
Family and friends.

The individuals you work with may have barriers to communicating effectively such as:

Speech difficulties due to disabilities’ or illness e.g. Dementia, stroke
Poor Sight
Noisy Environment
Poor Cognitive Skills e.g. learning disabilities
Difference in Language spoken

Therefore good communication skills are required to carry out your responsibilities as a healthcare professional. If you are working with an individual who has dementia, there can be many difficulties especially when the disease progresses, but there are ways to communicate effectively. Some skills to develop are:

Listening skills
Questioning skills
Explaining skills

You would have to ensure that:

The language used is kept simple because unfamiliar words will be difficult to understand coupled with unfamiliar accents as well.
Your speech should be at the correct pace, slow if required and the individual given enough time to respond.
Where possible sentences should be kept short, making just one point at a time. If the person has a short memory its important sentences are short and repeated more than once so that the individual can remember the point being made.
Communication is much difficult with background noise therefore it should be removed as this causes distraction.
If the communication barrier is strong, words alone will not be effective therefore you will need the use of gestures, body language, facial expression, touch etc.

There are many other ways to support individuals at work with effective communication such as the use of:

Human aids- translators, interpreters,

Technical aids- hearing aids, computers

Symbolic aids- Makaton, Sign Language, pictorial aids.

The Units HSC21, HSC31 & HSC41 within the NVQ focus on Communication and record keeping and they are mandatory units. Get more information on effective communication skills from our related resources.

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